Areca Palm (Chrysalidocarpus)


Chrysalidocarpus lutescens (Areca lutescens) is usually referred to as Areca palm, but has also been called yellow palm, butterfly palm, yellow butterfly palm, cane palm and golden feather palm. Stems are many clustered, slender, and sometimes branching. Areca palms may reach 30 feet tall. Leaves are ascending, curved at the apex with sheaths and petioles yellow or orange tinged. This palm originated in Madagascar and is widely grown outdoors in the tropics. In temperate zones they are popular as specimen plants for indoor use because they can tolerate relatively low light conditions.
1) Fluoride toxicity
Symptoms – Foliar necrosis frequently starts as small spots, then progresses until entire leaflets are necrotic.
Control – Maintain pH between 6.0 and 6.5 to keep fluoride unavailable. Avoid water, medium components and fertilizers (superphosphate) that contain fluoride.
2) Excess soluble salts
Symptoms – Fronds are necrotic and have tip dieback and root systems have few active hair roots.
Control – Arecas are more sensitive to excess soluble salts than most foliage plants. Fertilizer suggestions should be followed closely with soluble salts monitored regularly.
3) Leaf chlorosis
Symptoms – New leaves are light yellow with either interveinal or overall chlorosis and may be small with necrotic tips. The probable cause is micronutrient deficiency due to iron, manganese or zinc. Iron deficiency causes interveinal to general chlorosis of newest leaves. An indistinct interveinal chlorosis of new foliage occurs when manganese is deficient. When zinc is lacking, new leaves are small with necrotic tips.
Control – Iron, manganese and zinc chelate supplied at 400, 200 and 200 ppm of the element respectively, can cause foliar damage.
4) Chlorotic-necrotic spotting
Symptoms – Fronds may have numerous necrotic spots along their entire length.
Control – Spots sometimes are caused by foliar applications of micronutrients or copper- containing fungicides. Both copper chelate, 100 ppm copper, and cupric hydroxide fungicides result in phytotoxicity and should not be used on this small areca palms.
5) Poor or slow seed germination
Symptoms – Seeds do not germinate properly.
Control – Maintain proper soil moisture and temperature. Excess water will keep soil saturated and temperatures low and reduce or delay seed germination.
Source –

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Areca Palm (Chrysalidocarpus)
Areca Palm (Chrysalidocarpus)